Chuyên mục: FIFA World Cup

Giải vô địch bóng đá thế giới (tiếng Anh: FIFA World Cup) là giải đấu bóng đá quốc tế do Liên đoàn bóng đá thế giới (FIFA) tổ chức 4 năm 1 lần cho tất cả các đội tuyển bóng đá quốc gia của những nước thành viên FIFA.

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2018 FIFA World Cup chung kết

 

2018 FIFA World Cup Final

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2018 FIFA World Cup Final
France champion of the Football World Cup Russia 2018.jpg

The France team holds the World Cup trophy
Event 2018 FIFA World Cup
Date 15 July 2018
Venue Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow
Man of the Match Antoine Griezmann (France)[1]
Referee Néstor Pitana (Argentina)[2]
Attendance 78,011[3]
Weather Partly cloudy
27 °C (81 °F)
51% humidity[4]
← 2014
2022 →

The 2018 FIFA World Cup Final was a football match that took place on 15 July 2018 to determine the winners of the 2018 FIFA World Cup. It was the final of the 21st FIFA World Cup, a quadrennial tournament contested by the men’s national teams of the member associations of FIFA. The match was played by France and Croatia, and held at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, Russia.

Before 2018, France’s only World Cup victory was in 1998 – though they had also reached the final in 2006 – while Croatia were playing in their first World Cup final.

France won the match 4–2, having taken a 2–1 lead during the first half on an own goal and penalty awarded by the video assistant referee (VAR), both firsts in a World Cup final. France also became the second team in the 32-team World Cup to win all their knockout matches in regulation time, after Brazil in 2002. The final was watched by a global audience of 1.12 billion people on television and streaming platforms.

Contents

 

  • 1Venue
  • 2Background
  • 3Road to the final
    • 3.1France
    • 3.2Croatia
  • 4Pre-match
    • 4.1Match ball
    • 4.2Officials
    • 4.3Closing ceremony
  • 5Match
    • 5.1Summary
    • 5.2Details
    • 5.3Statistics
  • 6Post-match
  • 7Broadcasting and viewership
    • 7.1Europe
    • 7.2Rest of the world
    • 7.3Advertising
  • 8See also
  • 9References
  • 10External links

Venue[edit]

The final was played at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, located in the Khamovniki District of the Central Administrative Okrug. An expanded version of the stadium was named as the provisional final venue in Russia’s World Cup bid, which was selected by FIFA on 2 December 2010.[5] Luzhniki Stadium was confirmed as the final venue on 14 December 2012, following a meeting of the now-erswthile FIFA Executive Committee held in Tokyo, Japan.[6] The stadium also hosted six other matches, including the opening match on 14 June, three group stage matches, a round of 16 match, and the second semi-final match.[7][8]

The exterior of the Luzhniki Stadium at night with Moscow State University in the background.

The Luzhniki Stadium, previously known as the Grand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium until 1992, originally opened in 1956 as part of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex to host the USSR Summer Spartakiade.[9][10] The stadium has served as the national stadium of the country, hosting many matches for the Russia national team and its predecessor, the Soviet Union national team.[7][11] In the past, the stadium has been used as the home ground at various times for CSKA Moscow, Torpedo Moscow, and Spartak Moscow. However, there are currently no clubs based at the stadium.[11][12]

The stadium has hosted numerous international sporting events. The stadium was the main venue for the 1980 Summer Olympics, hosting the opening and closing ceremonies, athletics, football (four matches, including the gold medal match), and the Individual Jumping Grand Prix.[10][13] The stadium hosted the 1999 UEFA Cup Final, as well as the 2008 UEFA Champions League Final.[14] Other events staged include the Spartakiad, the final game of the 1957 Ice Hockey World Championships, the 1973 Summer Universiade, the Friendship Games in 1984, the 1986 Goodwill Games, and the 1998 World Youth Games.[15][16] In 2013, the Rugby World Cup Sevens and World Athletics Championships were held at the ground in front of sparse crowds.[17] The stadium has also served as a venue for many concerts, including Western artists after the fall of the Soviet Union,[13] as well as political rallies.[18]

Rated as a category 4 stadium by UEFA, the Luzhniki Stadium is the largest in Russia and at the 2018 World Cup; it usually has a maximum capacity of 81,006, but was reduced to 78,011 for the World Cup.[11][19] This also makes the stadium the largest in Eastern Europe,[20] and among the largest in Europe.[21][22] To prepare for the World Cup, the stadium was closed for extensive renovations in August 2013.[23] The spectator stands were moved closer to the pitch, which was converted from artificial turf to natural grass, after the removal of the athletic track. The historic facade of the stadium was preserved due to its architectural value, while the roof was upgraded using a new polycarbonate skin with exterior lighting.[24][25] The Luzhniki did not host any matches at the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup due to the ongoing project.[26] The renovation project cost €341 million,[27] and the stadium officially reopened with an international friendly between Russia and Argentina on 11 November 2017.[28]

Background[edit]

After Uruguay and Brazil were eliminated in the quarter-finals, a European side was ensured to win the World Cup for a fourth consecutive tournament.[29] Colombia’s earlier elimination had already guaranteed the match would feature at least one European team, as with every final since 1954. The match was also the ninth all-European World Cup final, which most recently occurred in 2006 and 2010.[30][31]

The match was the third World Cup final for France, first appearing in the 1998 final as hosts, winning 3–0 against reigning champions Brazil. France also contested the 2006 final, where they lost to Italy in a penalty shoot-out following a 1–1 draw.[32][33] Only Germany (eight) and Italy (six) have reached more finals among European nations.[34] Didier Deschamps became the fourth person to reach a World Cup final as both a player and as a manager, after Franz Beckenbauer, Rudi Völler, and Mário Zagallo.[35]

The match was the first World Cup final for Croatia in their fifth World Cup appearance. They are the 10th European country and 13th overall to reach a World Cup final, and the first new finalist since Spain in 2010.[36][37] With a population of 4.17 million, Croatia is the second least-populated country to play in a World Cup final, behind Uruguay (victors in 1930 and 1950).[38] Croatia’s previous best performance was as World Cup debutants in 1998, when they finished in third place,[39] losing 2–1 to hosts France in the semi-finals before beating the Netherlands 2–1 in the third place play-off.[40][41]

The final was the sixth meeting between France and Croatia, with France undefeated in the previous fixtures with three wins and two draws.[42] The two sides first met in the 1998 World Cup semi-final, with hosts France winning 2–1.[43] Their only other competitive meeting was during the group stage of Euro 2004, which finished as a 2–2 draw. Their next, and most recent, meeting was in a March 2011 friendly match, which finished as a 0–0 draw.[44]

Road to the final[edit]

France Round Croatia
Opponents Result Group stage Opponents Result
 Australia 2–1 Match 1  Nigeria 2–0
 Peru 1–0 Match 2  Argentina 3–0
 Denmark 0–0 Match 3  Iceland 2–1
Group C winners

 

Pos Team

Pld Pts
1  France 3 7
2  Denmark 3 5
3  Peru 3 3
4  Australia 3 1
Source: FIFA

 

Final standings Group D winners

 

Pos Team

Pld Pts
1  Croatia 3 9
2  Argentina 3 4
3  Nigeria 3 3
4  Iceland 3 1
Source: FIFA

 

Opponents Result Knockout stage Opponents Result
 Argentina 4–3 Round of 16  Denmark 1–1 (a.e.t.) (3–2 p)
 Uruguay 2–0 Quarter-finals  Russia 2–2 (a.e.t.) (4–3 p)
 Belgium 1–0 Semi-finals  England 2–1 (a.e.t.)

France[edit]

France’s starting line-up for the World Cup Final

France entered the 2018 World Cup as one of the favourites to win the tournament, particularly for their strong squad featuring several youth talents.[45] The team finished as runners-up to Portugal at Euro 2016, which the country hosted.[45] The team qualified for the World Cup finals after finishing first in their qualification group, ahead of Sweden and the Netherlands.[45]

At the World Cup, France were drawn into Group C alongside Australia, Denmark, and Peru. The team defeated Australia 2–1 in its opening match in Kazan, with a penalty called by the video assistant referee and scored by Antoine Griezmann followed by an own goal deflected by Australian defender Aziz Behich.[46] In its second match, France won 1–0 over Peru on a goal scored by 19-year-old Kylian Mbappé, who became France’s youngest goalscorer at a major tournament.[47][48] The victory over Peru qualified France for the knockout stage, allowing manager Didier Deschamps to rest several starting players for the final group stage match against Denmark. The match at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow finished in a scoreless draw marked by misplaced passes and goalkeeping mistakes.[49] The team’s group stage performance was characterised as lacking cohesion and failing to use its star players effectively.[50]

Finishing as winners of Group C, France were matched in the round of 16 with Group D runners-up Argentina. France won 4–3 on two goals scored by Mbappé, who also won a penalty in the opening minutes.[51] Defender Benjamin Pavard also scored in the match, with his strike later voted as goal of the tournament.[52] Mbappé’s performance drew comparisons to Brazilian stars Ronaldo and Pelé, who in 1958 was the most recent teenager to score twice in a World Cup match.[53][54] In the quarter-finals, France defeated Uruguay 2–0 on a goal and assist by Griezmann.[55] The team advanced to a semi-final match against Belgium in St. Petersburg, which ended in a 1–0 win for the French with a corner kick headed into the goal by defender Samuel Umtiti.[56] The French team, particularly Mbappé, were criticised for timewasting and other unsportsmanlike conduct in the semi-finals after taking the lead in the second half.[57]

Croatia[edit]

Croatia’s starting eleven for the 2018 World Cup Final

Croatia entered the 2018 World Cup as dark horses, with their golden generation led by forward Mario Mandžukić and midfielders Marcelo Brozović, Mateo Kovačić, Luka Modrić, Ivan Perišić, and Ivan Rakitić.[58][59] The team had been eliminated in the group stage at the 2014 tournament,[60] but reached the round of 16 at Euro 2016.[61] In their qualification group, Croatia scored 15 goals and finished second to Iceland after appointing manager Zlatko Dalić amid a series of poor away results.[62][63] However, Croatia managed to advance past Greece in the qualifying play-offs, winning the first leg 4–1 and drawing 0–0 in the second.[64]

Croatia were drawn into Group D with Argentina, Iceland, and Nigeria, considered a difficult draw due to Argentina’s talent and Nigeria’s historic performances.[62][65] In their opening match, the team earned a 2–0 victory over Nigeria, with an own goal by Oghenekaro Etebo caused by Mandžukić and a penalty scored by Modrić.[66] Striker Nikola Kalinić refused to enter the match as a substitute, citing back pain as his reason for not playing, and was expelled from the team by Dalić, leaving Croatia with only 22 players for the remainder of the tournament.[67] Croatia went on to upset Argentina with a 3–0 win, thanks to an effective game plan that used the “height and strength of their players to dominate the game in aerial duels”, playing a “pressing game, counter-attacking, and more direct play in possession” to counter Lionel Messi, scoring all their goals in the second half.[68] Croatia finished atop the group with a 2–1 win over Iceland, resting several starting players in the final group match.[69][70][71]

The 2017–18 Croatia national squad, dubbed the “Second Golden Generation”, posing with Vladimir Putin and Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović after the final against France.

In the round of 16, Croatia played Denmark and earned a 1–1 draw after the two teams exchanged goals in the opening five minutes and a missed penalty from Modrić in extra time. Croatia won the subsequent penalty shootout 3–2, with three saves by goalkeeper Danijel Subašić and two saves by Danish goalkeeper Kasper Schmeichel.[72][73] The team advanced to a quarter-final fixture with hosts Russia, who had defeated Spain in the round of 16, in Sochi. The Russians scored their first in the 31st minute, but Andrej Kramarić equalised for Croatia eight minutes later and kept the score at 1–1 through the end of regular time. Croatia took a 2–1 lead in extra time with a header by Domagoj Vida, but Russian defender Mário Fernandes equalised in stoppage time to trigger a penalty shootout. The shootout was won 4–3 by Croatia after two misses by Russia and a shot by Modrić that rebounded off the post and into the goal.[74][75] Croatia became the second team in World Cup to win two shootouts in a tournament, after Argentina in 1990.[76] After the match, a video of Vida shouting “Glory to Ukraine” prompted controversy among Russians and a warning from FIFA’s disciplinary committee, which enforces a ban on political slogans.[77] Croatia’s semi-final match against England at the Luzhniki began as they conceded a free kick goal by English defender Kieran Trippier in the fifth minute. Croatia resisted several attempts by England to score a second goal in the first half. Croatia managed an equalising goal of their own through a shot by Perišić in the 68th minute. The match was won 2–1 by Croatia after a 109th-minute goal by Mandžukić. This made Croatia the first team to earn three come-from-behind victories in the FIFA World Cup, all three matches also going into extra time.[78][79]

Pre-match[edit]

Match ball[edit]

The official match ball for the final was the Telstar Mechta (Russian: Мечтаtransl. dream or ambition), a red-coloured variant of the Adidas Telstar 18 introduced for the knockout stage.[80][81] The Telstar family, a homage to the original 1970 Telstar, was designed similarly to 2014’s Brazuca, but with longer seams and additional panels.[82]

Officials[edit]

Néstor Pitana officiated the final.

Argentine referee Néstor Pitana was selected to lead the officiating team for the final, which was announced on 12 July 2018 by the FIFA Referees Committee. The final was Pitana’s fifth match as referee during the tournament, becoming only the second referee to officiate the opening match and the final.[83] Pitana officiated an additional group stage match, along with two knockout stage matches in the round of 16 and quarter-finals. Pitana has been a FIFA referee since 2010, and officiated four matches at the 2014 FIFA World Cup. His compatriots Hernán Maidana and Juan Pablo Belatti were chosen as assistant referees. Björn Kuipers of the Netherlands was chosen as the fourth official, with his fellow countryman Erwin Zeinstra as the reserve assistant.[2] Italian Massimiliano Irrati was named the video assistant referee, presiding over the first use of the technology at a World Cup final. Argentine Mauro Vigliano was chosen as the assistant video assistant referee, while Carlos Astroza of Chile was appointed as the second assistant and Danny Makkelie of the Netherlands as the third assistant.[84]

Closing ceremony[edit]

The tournament’s closing ceremony was held prior to the start of the match, featuring a performance of “Live It Up”, the official song of the tournament, by Will Smith, Nicky Jam, and Era Istrefi. Jam also performed “X (Equis)”, wearing a shirt honouring J Balvin.[85] Opera singer Aida Garifullina sang the Russian folk song “Kalinka”, accompanied by a children’s choir and percussion section that featured a cameo by Brazilian star Ronaldinho.[86]

Match[edit]

Summary[edit]

Teams lined up prior to kick-off

Croatia kicked off the final at 18:00 local time (15:00 UTC), with the ground temperature reported at 27 °C (81 °F). The match was played through a minor thunderstorm, which produced several visible lightning strikes.[87] An audience of 78,011 spectators at the Luzhniki Stadium watched the match, including ten heads of state, among them Russian president Vladimir Putin, French president Emmanuel Macron, and Croatian president Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović.[88] The starting line-ups for both teams were identical to those fielded in the semi-finals.[89]

Antoine Griezmann, named the man of the match after scoring one goal and assisting another

Croatia had the majority of possession and chances early in the first half, with the ball staying mostly in France’s half.[90][91] An attack by French midfielder Antoine Griezmann was stopped by a challenge from Marcelo Brozović, which was called as a foul despite claims that Griezmann dived.[92][93][94] Griezmann took the ensuing 30-yard (27 m) free kick, which was diverted by the head of Mario Mandžukić into the left corner of his own net to give France the lead in the 18th minute.[95] It was the first own goal to be scored in a World Cup final and the 12th of the tournament, the most of any World Cup.[96]

Ten minutes later, Croatia equalised with a left-footed strike by Ivan Perišić to the right corner of the net, assisted by Domagoj Vida after a free kick by Luka Modrić on the right. In the 34th minute, a penalty was awarded against Croatia after Perišić’s handball in the box from a corner on the right was reviewed by the video assistant referee.[95] Griezmann scored the penalty in the 38th minute with a low finish to the left, giving France a 2–1 lead at half-time; the first half’s three goals were the most of any World Cup final since 1974.[97] France led at half-time despite having only one shot on goal and with only 34% of possession.[96]

A Croatian counter-attack was stopped early in the second half after several pitch invaders were chased onto the field by security officers; Russian feminist rock band and protest group Pussy Riot claimed responsibility for the interruption.[98] In the 59th minute, France extended their lead to 3–1 with a left-foot strike to the left of the net from the edge of the penalty area by Paul Pogba after his initial shot had been blocked. Six minutes later, Kylian Mbappé scored France’s fourth goal, with a low right-foot shot from outside the box to the left of the net; Mbappé became the first teenager to score in a World Cup final since Pelé in 1958.[91] Croatia scored their second goal in the 69th minute from a back-pass that goalkeeper Hugo Lloris failed to dribble away from Mandžukić, who poked the loose ball into the unguarded net with his right leg. Despite a late push by Croatia, the match finished as a 4–2 victory for France and the highest-scoring World Cup final since 1966.[90][97]

Details[edit]

15 July 2018
18:00 MSK (UTC+3)
France  4–2  Croatia
  • Mandžukić Mục tiêu 18 (o.g.)
  • Griezmann Mục tiêu 38 (pen.)
  • Pogba Mục tiêu 59
  • Mbappé Mục tiêu 65 
Báo cáo
  • Perišić Mục tiêu 28 
  • Mandžukić Mục tiêu 69 
Sân vận động Luzhniki , Moscow
Tham dự: 78.011 [3]
Trọng tài: Néstor Pitana ( Argentina )
Pháp [99]
Croatia [99]
GK 1 Hugo Lloris (c)
RB 2 Họ
CB 4 Raphaël Varane
CB 5 Samuel Umtiti
LB 21 Lucas Thoát Thẻ vàng 41
CM 6 Paul Pogba
CM 13 N’Golo Kanté Thẻ vàng 27 Thay thế 55
RW 10 Kylian Mbappé
7 Antoine Griezmann
14 Blaise Matuidi Thay thế 73
CF 9 Olivier Giroud Thay thế 81
Thay thế:
MF 15 Steven Nzonzi Thay thế trong 55
MF 12 Corentin Tolisso Thay thế trong 73
FW 18 Nave Fekir Thay thế trong 81
Giám đốc:
Didier Deschamp
FRA-CRO 2018-07-15.svg
GK 23 Danijel Subašić
RB 2 Vime Vrsaljko Thẻ vàng 90+2
CB 6 Dejan Lovren
CB 21 Domagoj Vida
LB 3 Ivan Strinić Thay thế 81
CM 7 Ivan Rakitic
CM 11 Marcelo Brozović
RW 18 Ante Rebic Thay thế 71
10 Luka Modric ( c )
4 Ivan Perišić
CF 17 Mario Mandzukic
Thay thế:
FW 9 Andrej Kramarić Thay thế trong 71
FW 20 Marko Pjaca Thay thế trong 81
Giám đốc:
Zlatko Dalić
Người đàn ông của trận đấu:
Antoine Griezmann (Pháp) [1]Trọng tài trợ : [99]
Hernán Maidana ( Argentina )
Juan Pablo Belatti ( Argentina )
Thứ tư chính thức :
Björn Kuipers ( Hà Lan )
dự trữ trợ lý trọng tài :
Erwin Zeinstra ( Hà Lan )
video trợ lý trọng tài :
Massimiliano Irrati ( Ý )
Assistant trợ Video trọng tài :
Mauro Vigliano ( Argentina )
Carlos Astroza ( Chile )
Daniel Makkelie ( Hà Lan )
Quy tắc khớp [100]

  • 90 phút
  • 30 phút thêm thời gian nếu cần thiết
  • Phạt loạt sút luân lưu nếu điểm vẫn ở mức
  • Tối đa mười hai người thay thế có tên
  • Tối đa ba lần thay thế, với lần thứ tư được phép trong hiệp phụ

Thống kê sửa ]

Sau trận đấu sửa ]

Lễ kỷ niệm của người hâm mộ trên đường phố Paris (trên cùng) và tại Quảng trường Ban Jelačić ở Zagreb, Croatia (dưới cùng)

Pháp trở thành quốc gia thứ sáu vô địch World Cup hơn một lần với chiến thắng của họ. [102] Didier Deschamp trở thành người thứ ba giành được World Cup với tư cách là một cầu thủ và người quản lý, sau Mário Zagallo và Franz Beckenbauer . [35] Trận chung kết là điểm cao nhất kể từ năm 1966 và điểm cao nhất trong thời gian thường xuyên kể từ năm 1958 . [88] [97] Các huy chương đã được trao cho cả hai đội bởi các tổng thống Putin , Macron và Grabar-Kitarović giữa một cơn mưa lớn. [103] Chủ tịch FIFA Gianni Infantinotrao cúp cho đội trưởng Pháp Hugo Lloris . [104]

Đội trưởng Croatia Luka Modrić giành Quả bóng vàng với tư cách cầu thủ hay nhất giải đấu. [105] Antoine Griezmann của Pháp , người đàn ông cuối cùng của trận đấu, [106] cũng giành được giải Đồng bóng và Chiếc giày bạc với bốn bàn thắng và hai pha kiến ​​tạo. Kylian Mbappé đã giành giải Cầu thủ trẻ xuất sắc nhất cho giải đấu. [107]

Những đám đông lớn, bao gồm 90.000 người tại fanzone Tháp Eiffel và ước tính một triệu người trên đại lộ Champs-Élysées , đã ăn mừng chiến thắng ở Paris. [108] [109] Các lễ kỷ niệm đã bị hủy hoại bởi các vụ bạo loạn đã bị cảnh sát phá vỡ, cũng như cái chết của ít nhất hai người trong lễ kỷ niệm ở nơi khác trong nước, một người đàn ông đã chết sau khi lặn xuống kênh nông và một người khác chết sau khi đâm xe vào một cái cây, [110] [111] RATP , người điều hành hệ thống Paris Métro , tạm thời đổi tên một số trạm để vinh danh đội và chiến thắng World Cup của nó. [112]Vào ngày 16 tháng 7, hơn 550.000 người hâm mộ đã chào đón đội nhà Croatia ở thủ đô Zagreb , trong cuộc tụ tập công cộng lớn nhất trong lịch sử Croatia, nơi một chuyến xe buýt kéo dài sáu giờ đã đưa họ từ Sân bay Zagreb đến Quảng trường Ban Jelačić . [113]

Phát sóng và người xem sửa ]

FIFA ước tính rằng khán giả toàn cầu cho trận chung kết đạt đỉnh 1,12 tỷ người, bao gồm 884 triệu người xem truyền hình và 232 triệu người sử dụng các nền tảng khác, bao gồm cả phát trực tuyến và tại các địa điểm công cộng. [114] Theo một báo cáo kiểm toán phát sóng, 86,7 phần trăm TV ở Pháp và 88,6 ở Croatia đã xem chương trình phát sóng. [115]

Châu Âu sửa ]

Tại Pháp, trận chung kết được truyền hình trực tiếp trên TF1 và BeIN Sports và thu hút trung bình 26,1 triệu người xem, khiến nó trở thành sự kiện được theo dõi nhiều nhất trong lịch sử truyền hình Pháp. [116] Tại Vương quốc Anh, trận chung kết có lượng người xem trung bình 10,5 triệu và lượng người xem cao nhất là 13,8 triệu, được phân chia giữa các đài truyền hình tự do BBC One và ITV , gần một nửa so với số người xem của Anh Croatia Croatia bán- chung kết . [117] [118] [119] Tại Đức, trận đấu đã thu hút lượng người xem 21,3 triệu người, chiếm khoảng 76% thị phần, trên ZDF thuộc sở hữu nhà nước . [118] [119] [120]Tại Tây Ban Nha, trận đấu có tỷ lệ chia sẻ 57,3%, với 8.2 triệu người xem trên Telecinco của Mediaset España Comunicación . [118] Tại Croatia, trận đấu đã thu hút khoảng 1,538 triệu người xem – hơn 38% dân số – trên đài truyền hình quốc gia HTV2 với thị phần 89,3%. [119] [120] [121] Tại Ý, nó đã thu hút 11,7 triệu người xem trên Canale 5 . [118] [120] Tại Hà Lan, trận đấu có số người xem 3,1 triệu người trên NPO1 . [120] Tại quốc gia chủ nhà Nga, trận chung kết là trận đấu được theo dõi nhiều thứ ba của World Cup 2018 và chiếm khoảng 50% dân số cả nước.[122]